| Release date: 15 NOV 2016 Build number: 4586971 |
Version 4.2.0. Last document update: 7 NOV 2017
Check frequently for additions and updates to these release notes.
Once the wizard loads, you'll be able to select whether you wish to create a new VM, deploy one from an OVF file, or register an existing one from another virtualization suite (Figure D). Download VMware vSphere. Run fewer servers and reduce capital and operating costs using VMware vSphere to build a cloud computing infrastructure.
New Features in This Release
This software supports Open Virtualization Format (OVF) packages created with previous versions of the OVF Tool, and produces files compatible with OVF specifications 1.0 and 0.9. OVF Tool 4.2 has some new features including many that emphasize security.
- Added SHA256 and SHA512 support for both manifest validation and digital signing.
- Improved security by disabling TLSv1.0 protocol.
--sslVersionoption to specify SSL version for HTTPS connections.
- Improved security by disabling Diffie Hellman cipher from the default cipher suite.
--sslCipherListoption to override default cipher suite.
- New NVRAM support for the EFI boot type (secure boot).
System Requirements for OVF Tool
The OVF Tools supports the following operating systems and software.
Supported Operating Systems
The OVF Tool supports the following Windows 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x86_64) operating systems:
- Windows 10 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x86_64)
- Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2 64-bit
- Windows 8.1 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x86_64)
- Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit
- Windows 7 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x86_64)
The OVF Tool supports the following Linux operating systems:
- CentOS 7.1 and earlier
- Fedora 22 and earlier
- Oracle Linux 7.1
- RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7.1 and earlier
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 12.1 and earlier
- Ubuntu 15.04 and earlier
- VMware Project Photon
The OVF Tool supports the following Mac OS X 64-bit operating systems:
- Mac OS X 10.11
- Mac OS X 10.10
- Mac OS X 10.9
Supported VMware Products and Platforms
Version 4.2 of the OVF Tool supports the following VMware software:
- vSphere 6.5, 6.0, and 5.5
- vCloud Director 8.20, 8.10, 8.0, 5.6, and 5.5 (source from OVF or OVA types only)
- ESXi 6.5, 6.0, and 5.5
- vCloud Suite 6.5, 6.0, and 5.5
- Horizon View 5.x, 6.x, and 7.x
- VMware Workstation 12.x
- VMware Fusion 8.x
- App Volumes 3.0, 2.11, 2.10, and 2.9
- VMware Studio can generate OVF packages.
OVF support is built into the vSphere (Web) Client that installs from vCenter Server. It is compatible with vSphere and ESXi hosts. Newer versions of vSphere supply later versions of the OVF Tool. ESXi and vCenter Server versions older than 5.5 are deprecated; the next release will not support them.
Space Requirements for OVF Packages
A virtual machine is stored as a set of files on disk. In the VMware runtime format, these files have extensions .vmx, .vmdk, .vmsd, .vmxf, and .nvram. The VMware hypervisor requires these file formats, which are optimized for efficient execution. An ESXi host often uses fully allocated flat disks in a VMFS file system to optimize virtual machine performance.
The OVF standard supports efficient, secure distribution of vApps and virtual machine templates. OVF is optimized for these goals, rather than for efficient runtime execution. OVF does not include specific information on runtime disk format because such information is not required until the virtual machine is deployed. When you package appliances with OVF, you can optimize one vApp for high performance in a production environment, and optimize another for minimal storage space during evaluation.
The following table contrasts a virtual machine in VMware file format with a virtual machine in OVF format. OVF employs a compressed sparse format for VMDK files. Virtual disks in that format cannot be used directly for execution without conversion.
|VMware Format||OVF Format||OVA Format|
|Total Size|| 251MB using thin provisioning|
4000MB using thick provisioning
Installing the OVF Tool
Download the Installer
- Download the VMware OVF Tool as an installer or an archive (zipped/compressed) file:
Operating System Download Filename Linux 32-bit
OS X 64-bit
- Install the downloaded file using the appropriate method for your operating system:
Operating System Download Filename Linux 32 bit Run the shell script as
Linux 64-bit Run the shell script as
Mac OS X 64-bit Double-click the package installer,
Windows 32 bit Double-click the installation file,
Windows 64-bit Double-click the installation file,
Complete the Installation Steps
Follow this procedure for all installations:
- At the Welcome screen, click Next.
- At the license agreement, read the license agreements, select “I agree..” and click Next.
- Accept the path suggested or change to a path of your choice and click Next.
- When you finish choosing your installation options, click Install.
- When the installation is complete, click Next.
- Deselect Show the readme file if you do not want to view the readme file, and click Finish to exit.
Ovftool Mac Os
Running the OVF Tool from a Windows Command Line
After installing the OVF Tool on Windows, you can run the OVF Tool from the Windows command line.
- From the Start menu, click Run.
- In the Run dialog, enter
cmdto open the Windows command line tool.
If you have the OVF Tool folder in your Path environment variable, you can run the OVF Tool from the command line.
Adding the OVF Tool to your Path Environment Variable
The following instructions are for Windows 7, but the steps are similar on other Windows systems.
- Right-click My Computer.
- Select Properties.
- Select Advanced system settings.
- Select Environment Variables.
- Highlight (select) the Path variable in the System variable (lower) pane.
- Click the Edit button and type the path to the folder where you installed the OVF Tool (at the end of the existing path).
Known Issues in This Version
The ovftool option --allowAllExtraConfig is no longer supported. The command-line option --allowAllExtraConfig never worked as designed. As of release 6.5 U1, vSphere no longer supports this option. The workaround is to use --allowExtraConfig instead to import additional configurations.
The OVF Tool supports OVF specifications 0.9 and 1.0, but does not support OVF specification 2.0 (not to be confused with OVF Tool version 2.0). For workarounds to allow import of VirtualBox OVF 2.0, see this web page.
The ovftool--proxy=proxy.example.com option should work, but when used within vSphere, it does not. To make a network connection through the proxy server, you must add the --X:viUseProxy option as documented in the OVF Tool User's Guide.
You cannot use OVF Tool for deploying a VM to static DVS port groups. To work around this issue:
- Use vCenter Server to create an ephemeral port on the desired network.
- Deploy the appliance to that port group on an ESXi host.
- Switch the appliance over to that static port group.
- Use vCenter Server to delete the ephemeral port group.
There are no deprecated features in version 4.2 of the OVF Tool, but support for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 has been discontinued.
Shrinking a virtual disk reclaims unused space in the virtual disk and reduces the amount of space that the virtual disk occupies on the host.
Shrinking disks is not allowed under the following circumstances:
- The virtual machine is hosted on an ESX/ESXi host. ESX/ESXi can shrink the size of a virtual disk only when a virtual machine is exported. The space occupied by the virtual disk on the server, however, does not change.
- The virtual machine has a Mac OS X guest operating system.
- You preallocated all the disk space to the virtual disk when you created it.
- The virtual machine contains a snapshot.
The exception is if the virtual machine is used in VMware Fusion 4 and has a Windows guest operating system. In this case, you can use the Clean Up Virtual Machine feature in Fusion to shrink disks.
- The virtual machine is a linked clone or the parent of a linked clone.
- The virtual disk is an independent disk in nonpersistent mode.
- The file system is a journaling file system, such as an ext4, xfs, or jfs file system.
Shrinking a disk is a two-step process. In the preparation step, VMware Tools reclaims all unused portions of disk partitions, such as deleted files, and prepares them for shrinking. This phase takes place in the guest operating system. During this phase, you can still interact with the virtual machine.
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In the shrink step, the VMware application reduces the size of the disk based on the disk space reclaimed during the preparation step. If the disk has empty space, this process reduces the amount of space the virtual disk occupies on the host drive. The shrink step takes place outside the virtual machine and takes considerable time, depending on the size of the disk. The virtual machine stops responding while VMware Tools shrinks the disks.
Newer versions of some VMware products might include a button or menu item that performs the same function as the shrink-disk command. For example, Workstation includes a Compact menu item that you can use when the virtual machine is powered off. VMware Fusion 4 includes a Clean Up Virtual Machine button that can shrink disks even if you have snapshots.
Under some conditions, the ability to use a shrink-disk command might be considered a security risk. To configure a setting that disables the ability to shrink disk, see Threats Associated with Unprivileged User Accounts.
Vmware Ovf Tool Mac
- On Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD guest operating systems, log in as root. If you shrink the virtual disk as a nonroot user, you cannot prepare to shrink the parts of the virtual disk that require root-level permissions.
- On Windows guests, log in as an administrator.
- Verify that the host has free disk space equal to the size of the virtual disk that you plan to shrink.
Ovf Tool For Mac
- Open a command prompt or terminal in the guest operating system.
- Change to the VMware Tools installation directory.
Default Path Windows C:Program FilesVMwareVMware Tools Linux and Solaris /usr/sbin FreeBSD /usr/local/sbin Mac OS X /Library/Application Support/VMware Tools
- Type the command to list available mount points.
For utility-name use the guest-specific program name.
Utility Name Windows VMwareToolboxCmd.exe Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD vmware-toolbox-cmd
- Type the command to shrink the disk at a specified mount point.
For mount-point, use one of the mount points displayed when you used the list subcommand.