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Sumatra: Fate Of Yandi Testers Wanted Movie
Sumatra: Fate of Yandi is an expanded version of our free game from 2015, Pendek. While Pendek had around 20-30 minutes of gameplay, Sumatra will feature around 2-3 hours of adventuring, with many added situations, plot-lines and characters. Thanks for your support. Would be interested to hear what you all think Shaun. The First Sumatran expedition, which featured the Battle of Quallah Battoo, or Kuala Batee in 1832, was a punitive expedition by the United States Navy against the village of Kuala Batee, presently a subdistrict in Southwest Aceh Regency. The reprisal was in response to the massacre of the crew of the merchantman Friendship a year earlier. The frigate USSPotomac and its crew defeated the local.
Sumatra: Fate Of Yandi Testers Wanted Online
Etymology Minangkabau name comes from two words, Minang (win) and Kabau (buffalo). The name comes from a legend. It is said that in the 13th century, royal Singasari an expedition to the Minangkabau. To prevent the fighting, local communities propose to pitting buffalo buffalo Minang with Java. Majapahit troops agreed with the proposal and provide a buffalo were large and aggressive.
While the Minang community presents a hungry baby buffalo with a knife given to the horns. In battle, it was looking for buffalo calves Java and immediately ripped his stomach, because it thought the buffalo was its mother who wanted to breastfeed. Tersebutlah Minang community brilliance that inspired the name of Minangkabau.But from some other sources mention that the name Minangkabau existed long before the buffalo race events occur, where previously the more accurate term is 'Minangkabwa', 'Minangakamwa', 'Minangatamwan' and 'Phinangkabhu'. The term Minangakamwa or Minangkamba means Minang (river) Twins that refer to two rivers namely Kampar Kampar Kiri and Sungai Kampar Kanan.
While Minangatamwan term that refers to the Kampar River is mentioned in the inscription Kedukan Hill where there is mentioned that the founder of the kingdom of Srivijaya named Dapunta Hyang mass migration of Kampar River upstream (Minangatamwan) located in the vicinity of the Fifty Cities, West Sumatra.Minang tribe is part of the community Deutro Malay (Melayu Muda) who migrated from South China mainland to the island of Sumatra about 2500-2000 years ago. It is estimated that this group of people entered from the east of Sumatra island, along the Kampar river flow or Minangkamwa (Minangatamwan) to arrive at the plateau Luhak nan Tigo (darek). Then from Luhak nan Tigo Minang tribe is spread to the coastal areas (pasisie) on the west coast of Sumatra island, which stretches from north to Kerinci Barus in the south.In addition to coming from Luhak nan Tigo, coastal communities are also many who came from South India and Persia. The society in which migration occurs when the west coast of Sumatra became an alternative port of Malacca trade besides, when the kingdom fell into the hands of the Portuguese.
Social community Minangkabau region consists of many villages. Nagari is an autonomous region with the highest authority in Minangkabau. No other social and political power that could interfere with customary in a village. Different Nagari will likely have different customs typical. Each village is led by a board comprising of tribal leaders from all tribes in the villages. This council is called the density of Adat Nagari (KAN). From the result of deliberation and consensus within the council is a decision and binding rules for the village was generated.Minang tribe is especially prominent in the field of education and trade. More than half the total number of members of this tribe are in overseas. Minang overseas generally live in large cities, such as Jakarta, Bandung, Pekanbaru, Medan, Batam, Palembang and Surabaya. For outside the territory of Indonesia, Minang tribe is widely available in Malaysia (especially Negeri Sembilan) and Singapore. Throughout Indonesia and even in foreign countries, the typical cuisine of this tribe is popularly known as Padang cuisine, very popular.Minangkabau is the venue for the Padri war that occurred in 1804 - 1837. The defeat in that war causes these tribes under the authority of the Dutch East Indies colonial government.In Minangkabau ethnic clans there are many, who by his own Minang people simply referred to as tribes. Some of them are ethnic tribes Piliang, Bodi Caniago, Tanjuang, Koto, Sikumbang, Malay, Jambak; in addition there are also fractional parts of the main tribes. Sometimes several families of the same tribe, living in a house called the Tower House.In the early days of Minangkabau culture, there are only four parts of two lareh (barrel) or kelarasan. The tribes are:• Spare Koto• Spare Piliang• Body Parts• Spare CaniagoAnd two kelarasan it is:1. Lareh Koto Piliang initiated by Datuk Ketumanggungan2. adat perpatih, initiated by Datuk Perpatih Nan SycamoreThe difference between the two kelarasan it is:• Lareh Koto Piliang adopts a culture of aristocracy Militeristic • adat perpatih adopts a culture of socialist democracy In the later period, there arose a new kelarasan named Lareh Nan Panjang, initiated by the World Sakalok Datuk nan Bamego-mego. Now the tribes in Minangkabau developing steadily and has reached hundreds of tribes, which sometimes are difficult to find similarities with the parent tribe. Among these tribes are:• Tribe Cape• Spare Sikumbang• Spare Sipisang• Spare Bendang• The Malays (Minang)• Spare Jar• Spare Panai• Spare Jambak• Kutianyie tribe or tribe Koto Anyie• Spare Kampai• Spare Payobada• Pitopang tribe or tribe Patopang• Spare Mandailiang• Spare Mandaliko• Spare Sumagek• Spare Dalimo• Spare Simabua• Spare Salo• Singkuang tribe or tribe SingkawangRumah Gadang (house Tower)Minangkabau overseas is the term for the Minangkabau people living outside the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Minangkabau people migrated ethic is very high, even the highest predicted in Indonesia. From the results of studies ever conducted by Mohctar Naim, in 1961 there were approximately 32% of Minang people who reside outside of West Sumatra. Then in 1971 the number increased to 44%.  According to the 2000 census, Minang tribe who lived in West Sumatra amounted to 3.7 million people.  With an estimated 7 million people worldwide Minang, means more than half Minang people are overseas. Looking at the data, then there is a substantial change in the ethos of the Minangkabau people migrated than other tribes in Indonesia. For according to the 1930 census, immigrants Minangkabau just 10.5% below the Bawean (35.9%), Batak (14.3%), and Banjar (14.2%).Overseas waveGoing away on ethnic Minang has lasted long enough. The first large-scale migration occurred in the 14th century, where many families Minang moving to the east coast of Sumatra to Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Along with the wave of migration towards the east, and the displacement of Minang people to the west coast of Sumatra. Along this coast Minang colonies established trademarks, such as in Meulaboh, Aceh place known as Minang descent Aneuk Jamee. After the Sultanate of Malacca fell to the Portuguese in 1511, many families who move to the Minangkabau South Sulawesi. They became a royalist Gowa, as a trader and administrator of the kingdom. Datuk Tuan Makotta with his wife Sitti, as a forerunner to the Minangkabau family in Sulawesi.  The next wave of migration occurred in the 18th century, when Minangkabau get the privilege to inhabit Riau-Lingga Sultanate.During the colonial period the Dutch East Indies, the massive migration occurred in 1920, when a tobacco plantation in Deli Serdang, Sumatera East was opened. At the time of independence, overseas Minang inhabit many big cities in Java, especially Jakarta. Now Minang overseas almost spread all over the world.overseas PropertyAt the end of the 18th century, many students Minang who migrated to Mecca to explore the religion of Islam, including Haji Miskin, Piobang Haji and Haji Sumanik. On arrival in the country, they spread the pure Islamic thought, and became a strong advocate Padri movement in Minangkabau. The second wave of overseas to the Middle East occurred at the beginning of the 20th century, led by Abdul Karim Amrullah, Tahir Jalaluddin, and Muhammad Jamil Jambek. Many Minang settled and successful in Mecca, among them is Ahmad Khatib who became imam Masjid al-HaramIn addition to the Middle East, students Minangkabau are also many who migrated to Europe. They include Abdoel Rival, Mohammad Hatta, Sutan Sjahrir, Rustam Effendi, and Nazir Pamuntjak. Other intellectuals, Tan Malaka, nomadic in eight European countries and Asia, building a network of Asian independence movements. All students Minang, who migrated to Europe since the end of the 19th century, became a freedom fighter and founder of the Republic of Indonesia.because WanderCultural factorsThere are many explanations of this phenomenon, one reason is the matrilineal kinship system. With this system, the mastery of treasures held by women, while the rights of the man in this case is quite small. This is why men choose to wander Minang. Now the woman was already prevalent Minangkabau wander. Not only for reasons follow their husbands, but also because they want to trade, career and continuing education.According to Rudolf Mrazek, the Dutch sociologist, two typologies of Minang culture, namely dynamism and anti-parochialism gave birth to an independent life, cosmopolitan, egalitarian, and broad-minded, this causes the embedded culture migrated to the Minangkabau society. Spirit to change the fate of the pursuit of knowledge and property, as well as the Minang proverb which says Ka ratau Madang ago, babuah babungo square (better away from home because of the kampong yet useful) results in youth Minang to go wander young age.Economic factorsAnother explanation is that population growth is not accompanied by an increase in the natural resources that could be processed. If the first agricultural and plantation, the main source of life where they can support the family, then now is the result of natural resources which become their main income was not enough anymore to give the results to meet together, as it should be shared by several families. In addition it is the growth of new opportunities with the opening of the plantation and mining areas. It is these factors which led the Minang people away from home to try his luck abroad. For the first arrival to the land of shoreline, usually the nomads settled first at home dunsanak regarded as landlady. These new migrants typically work as small traders.traders MinangkabauMinangkabau traders refer to the profession of a group of people who come from the realm of Minangkabau. Besides the medical profession, teachers, and scholars, becoming a merchant is a livelihood for the majority of Minangkabau society. Usually this profession became a stepping stone for immigrants upon arrival at Minangkabau overseas.HistoryMinangkabau wholesalers have menjejakan feet since the 7th century. They became influential traders operating on the west coast and the east coast of Sumatra. Minang many merchants selling crops such as pepper, which they brought from inland Minangkabau into the waterway through large rivers like Kampar, Indragiri, and Batang Hari. Since the appearance of the kingdom of Srivijaya, many Minangkabau traders who work for the kingdom. Along the west coast of Sumatra, these traders open trading posts in the main cities of Aceh to Bengkulu, such as Meulaboh, Barus, Tiku, Pariaman, Padang and Bengkulu. Role of Minangkabau merchants began to decline since mastered the west coast of Sumatra by the Sultanate of Aceh.The emergence of the Padri in West Sumatra at the end of the 18th century, a revival of Minangkabau merchants pioneered by the Wahabi clerics. This merchant regain the threat of colonial Dutch East Indies since the opening of the Dutch trading post in Padang. Padri War that lasted for more than 30 years has destroyed trade Minangkabau once under colonial domination this area Dutch East Indies.In the 1950s, many successful traders who do business among Minangkabau Hashim Ning, Rahman Tamin, Agus Musin Dasaad, and Sidi Tando. During the New Order, the government policies that favor Chinese traders very detrimental Minangkabau traders. Difficulties experienced by traders trying Minang at that time, especially the issue of capital in bank loans and business licenses.Type of businessRestaurantThe restaurant business is a type of business that many hailed by traders Minang. Minang restaurant chain or commonly known as Padang restaurants scattered throughout cities in Indonesia, even down to Malaysia and Singapore. Besides, there are also businesses that are typical restaurants and trademarks are undertaken by the merchant from a specific area. Traders origin Kapau, Agam usually sells rice, known as Nasi Ramas Kapau. Pariaman many merchants who sell Sate Padang. While traders Kubang origin, Fifty Cities become a seller martabak, with its trademark Martabak Kubang. Simple restaurant pioneered by Bustamam become the largest restaurant chain Padang with more than 60 branches spread all over Indonesia. In Malaysia, Ratu Sari Restaurant which was founded by Junaidi bin Jaba, one Padang restaurant successful.Regions with a significant number of residentsWest Sumatra, Indonesia: 3,747,343.Greater Jakarta, Indonesia: 636.000.Riau, Indonesia: 534 854.Jambi, Indonesia: 385 734.Sumatera Utara, Indonesia: 306 550.Riau Islands, Indonesia: 111 463.Bengkulu, Indonesia: 66 861.South Sumatra, Indonesia: 64 215.Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia: 450,000.LanguageMinang language, Indonesian and Malay.ReligionIslam.The closest ethnic groupMalay.
(Source: http: //roezyhamdani.blogspot.co.id/p/suku-minangkabau.html)